When initializing do I need to drop FKs at the subscriber?

This is an interesting question. In the publication properties there is the option on the snapshot tab to run extra scripts before and after the snapshot is applied. This is the same for both merge and transactional publications (below).

Many DBAs will have scripts which drop all the FKs on the subscriber and readd them after the snapshot is applied so the initialization runs smoothly and we don’t get the following sort of error:

Could not drop object ‘dbo.tCity’ because it is referenced by a FOREIGN KEY constraint“.

However the snapshot generation is different between Transactional and Merge. In Transactional all the FKs are dropped for you and re-added later on. This doesn’t happen for merge. There’s probably a good reason for it but can’t see why they should run differently at present. Anyway, the message is that you don’t need to roll your own logic to deal with subscriber FKs in Transactional but you still do in merge!

Adding an article – do I really want a complete snapshot?

Have you ever noticed that when you add an article to a transactional publication and run the snapshot agent it does a complete snapshot of all tables? This can be a real pain for big publications. Fear not – it is configurable. The setting is visible in the Replication Monitor. Actually 2 settings – shown below. We need both to be False but the observant DBA will notice that the main one of these is greyed out!

 

A little scripting solves it though. We just run the script below before adding a table and all is well – the snapshot agent then just creates the new article.

EXEC sp_changepublication
@publication = ‘pubTestTransactional’,
@property = ‘allow_anonymous’,
@value = ‘false’
GO

EXEC sp_changepublication
@publication = ‘pubTestTransactional’,
@property = ‘immediate_sync’,
@value = ‘false’
GO

How to see all pending merge changes

There is a handy system stored procedure sp_showpendingchanges that will provide an “approximation” of the pending changes that need to be replicated at that database. This proc will list inserts/updates/deletes per article and can also filter by the subscriber server. It has been around since SQL 2008 and is a welcome change. Would be nicer if it was represented in the replication monitor like the one for transactional replication though.

You can run the procedure without any arguments in which case it provides a summary.

You can also provide all arguments as below to look at a specific subscriber and table and see the rows waiting to be sent.

exec sp_showpendingchanges @destination_server = ‘DESKTOP-NSONKMO’
, @publication = ‘Testuse_partition_groups’
, @article = ‘tCompany’
, @show_rows = 1

However, if the subscriber database name is the same as the publisher one nothing will get returned. Not great as this is a common setup!

In this case you’ll need to roll your own script using something like the code I created below:

select tCompany.* from tCompany
inner join MSmerge_contents on tCompany.rowguid = MSmerge_contents.rowguid
inner join MSmerge_genhistory on MSmerge_contents.generation = MSmerge_genhistory.generation
where MSmerge_genhistory.genstatus = 0 and MSmerge_genhistory.generation >
(select recgen from sysmergesubscriptions where subscriber_server = ‘DESKTOP-NSONKMO\paulsinst’)

PreComputePartitions merge option should come with health warning!

In merge replication we often replicate several related tables. Imagine if we were replicating the following 3 tables:

CompanyStaff

Now it might be that we declare a filter and join filters as follows in the publication:

CompanyStaffFilter

Notice that the relationship of the filters is opposite to the direction of the foreign keys. This makes business sense in some cases (another post on this later). Anyway, if this is the sort of scenario you have then beware that some data changes won’t propagate. If for example on the subscriber I delete 3 related records:

delete tStaff where staffname = ‘PaulSmith’
delete tDepartment where departmentname = ‘Finance’
delete tCompany where where CompanyName = ‘IBM’

When synchronizing back to the publisher the tCompany record will not be deleted. No error in the replication monitor but there is mention of a “retry”. Further syncs don’t mention the retry and still the tCompany record remains. This is a bug/issue that has existed from SQL 2005 through to SQL 2016. What we need to do is reset the Precompute partitions option. By default it is set to true and we reset it to false. This will cause a snapshot to be created so if you are going to have this type of filter setup remember to do this at the beginning before initialization.